More filters. Sort order. Jun 16, Patrick rated it liked it Shelves: history , non-fiction , travel. In three sections, it examines popular belief and practice; Buddhism and government; and Buddhism's adaptation to the modern world. Overall, the book is academic in tone and detail, and contains lots of religion studies jargon. I found the first section of limited usefulness and unsurprising conclusions, however the second and third sections provided interesting historical background.
This book was a drier introduction to SE Asian Buddhism than I was looking for, but contained lots of information and was a useful read overall. Warner rated it really liked it Jun 13, John Fullerton rated it really liked it Oct 11, Allie rated it it was ok Jan 08, M rated it it was amazing Feb 18, Ebony Day rated it it was ok Jul 03, Ahnaf rated it really liked it Apr 27, Rebecca rated it liked it Dec 17, Hannah rated it liked it Jul 15, Too self-indulgently academic with zillions of inadequately introduced examples, esoteric references, and pedantic language for me to enjoy.
I finished the book without much more of a clue as to how Southeast Asia is a "Buddhist World," which, when selecting the book, I thought meant as a personal influence.
Buddhist World of Southeast Asia, The
It's definitely a textbook that focuses more the historical role and Buddhism as a large-scale organization, although part one's section on ideology, traditions, and festivals was interestin Too self-indulgently academic with zillions of inadequately introduced examples, esoteric references, and pedantic language for me to enjoy. It's definitely a textbook that focuses more the historical role and Buddhism as a large-scale organization, although part one's section on ideology, traditions, and festivals was interesting.
Kristine rated it liked it May 22, Enrique rated it really liked it Jul 10, Glen rated it it was amazing Jan 03, Johnny rated it really liked it Oct 18, Nathan Badenoch rated it really liked it Apr 23, That is in part due to the influence of German sociologist, Max Weber , who was a prominent scholar of religion that has had a significant impact on the way Southeast Asian Buddhism is studied. Many contemporary scholars of Buddhism in Southeast Buddhism are starting to move away from the Weberian school of thought and identifying the role Buddhism has played in economic, political and every-day life in the region.
Buddhism has also played a role in the consolidation of power and political resistance to throughout history, dating back to as early as the 10th and 11th century.
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Buddhist resistance has been a part of many significant historical moments, from the resistance to colonization and colonial powers, the creation of nation-states and the consolidation of political power within kingdoms and states. Some of the earliest accounts of religious conflict that trace back to the 11th century took place in modern-day Burma. There was tension between Buddhist kings looking to create a more uniform religion and different sects of Buddhist worship.
In particular, there was resistance from the cult of Nat worship, a religious practice that predates Buddhism in Burma. Buddhist kings of the time attempted to unify the different sects of Buddhism by the elimination of heretical movements.
This was done so in order to maintain their power over their people and in an effort to purify the faith. During the Nguyen dynasty of Vietnam in the 19th and 20th century, there was a strain between Confucian rulers and practitioners of Buddhism monks during the early unification of the empire. The rulers had a fear of potential rebellions emerging from monastic sites in the countryside and heavily criticized the spiritual practices of Buddhist sects, including a belief in invulnerability based on merit.
After an attempt to de-legitimize Buddhist faith in the eyes of Vietnamese people through this criticism of their practices, they declared a war on Buddhism to squash any resistance to the consolidation of their empire. During the late 19th century and early 20th century, there were Buddhist resistance movements in the kingdom of Siam.
These resistance movements were led by holy men or phu mi bun who had great power due to a high accumulation of merit. Some of these men claimed to have powers of invulnerability to enemy bullets and shared their powers through bathing others in holy water.
Project MUSE - Buddhist World of Southeast Asia, The
An early phu mi bun rebellion was led by a former Buddhist monk, Phaya Phap, who resisted increased taxes in the province of Chiang Mai and proclaimed he would be the new, ideal Buddhist king of the region. These movements were not associated with mainstream Buddhism of the time, but many of the leaders had been ordained monks and utilized some Buddhist symbolism and philosophies.
Buddhist resistance also played a role in anti-colonialism movements. During the British colonization of Burma in the 19th century, there was intense Buddhist militarization and resistance against the colonial occupiers in an effort to restore the ideal Buddhist monarchy. There have also been more recent Buddhist resistance movements in Southeast Asia. After the communist takeover of Laos in , some Buddhist monks feared that Buddhism was threatened by the Pathet Lao government. Many monks fled from Laos to Thailand and helped fund resistance movements from across the border.
Monks who stayed in Laos supported resistance fighters with food and medical supplies. The Buddha, the Dhamma, and the Sangha are the three fundamental aspects of Theravada Buddhist thought. The Buddha is a teacher of gods and men. The Dhamma consists of the teachings of the Buddha.
It is path made through the words and deeds of the Buddha that is to be followed. The path leads the follower from the Realm of Desire, to the Realm of Form, the Formless Realm with the ultimate destination being Nirvana. The Sangha gathering refers to the two types of followers of the Buddha: lay and monastic. The monastic followers adhere to the Bhikkhu-way. The Bhikku lead a very disciplined life modeled after the Buddha, going from pabbajja or novice ordination samanera to upasampada or higher ordination Bhikkhu. Each body makes sense of a different function of the Buddha.
Part II: Buddhism and the State p. Asoka, the Exemplary Buddhist Ruler pp.
8 editions of this work
Kings and Cosmology pp. The Cosmological Schemeof the Three Worlds pp. The Buddha as Cosmocrator pp. Modern Nationalism and Buddhism pp. The Changing Role of the Monk pp. Reforming the Tradition pp. The Changing Role of the Laity pp. Women and Buddhism pp. Buddhism and the West pp.
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Postscript pp. Appendix 2 Borobudur pp. Notes pp. Glossary pp. Bibliography pp.